Who tastes the Portuguese wine, immediately says: ’it is typical Portuguese’. The Portuguese wines have a strong individual character just like the Portuguese themselves. Many exotic grape varieties are used. Yet you can taste a modern wine through the classic flavours, like the chardonnay and cabernet sauvignon.
Portugal has been producing wine for centuries, thanks to the Phoenicians that brought the cultivated wine to the country. According to researchers, viticulture was driven at the earliest near the rivers Tagus and Sado.
For a long time, the Portuguese have been very conservative in making wine, but that is over. Nowadays, the latest technical means are used to produce wine. Moreover, the Portuguese wine has experienced a revolution in wine production. In Alentejo, Ribatejo, Dão and a lot more places, winemakers are experimenting and trying new techniques.
It is forbidden in Portugal to add sugar to the most to achieve a higher alcoholic strength. Using sweet must or thickened must is allowed and so that makes it possible to make wine sweet.
Types of wines
Portuguese wines can be divided into vinhos verdes (young easy drinking wines) vinhos maduros (older wines), vinhos tintos (red wines), vinho brancos (white wines), vinhos rosados (rosewines), vinhos de consume (simple table wines) and vinhos espumosos (sparkling wines).
On the bottle can be mentioned ‘garrafeira’, which means it comes from a good year of harvest and it contains 1% more alcohol. It is mostly high quality wine from a quinta (château).
Grape varieties and region
Many native grape varieties are grown in Portugal. The most famous wines are from different regions, for example Alentejo, Dao, Lisbon, Algarve and Madeira.